Mark Your Calendar
Saturday September 20, 10:30am at
Let It Grow Nursery and
by Shawn Collins
Saturday, October 4, 6:30 pm
at Cortez Rec Center
M-CAN Annual Celebration!
Local Foods Pot Luck, Costumes, Music,
Green Team Updates
Description in this newsletter.
Saturday, October 18, 7pm
at Empire Electirc
Air Quality, Energy, Climate Change
Air Quality Director of the
Western Regional Air Partnership
Wednesday, October 22, 6pm
at Empire Electric
Climate Change Update
Dr. Kristin Averyt, Scientist,
former Staff Member IPCC
(see writeup in this newsletter)
Stay Tuned for the visit of Sören Hermanson
,Norway. SamsØ is the town that
the government challenge to install renewable energy and adopt a sustainable, low carbon lifestyle.
Maybe late October or early September.
October M-CAN Events
October is going to be the month we have great opportunities to
learn more about global warming and climate change. We're
fortunate to have two very knowledgeable people visiting
Montezuma County in October.
Air Quality, Energy and Climate Change
On Saturday, October 18, M-CAN will sponsor a presentation by
Patrick Cummins on "Air Quality, Energy and Climate
Change" at Empire Electric, 7pm. Patrick is the Air Quality
Program Director for the Western Regional Air Partnership
of the Western Governor's Assocation, representing the
Governors of 19 States and 3 U.S. Flag Pacific
Dr. Kristin Averyt
"Climate Change Update"
On Wednesday, October
22, Dr Kristin Averyt will present a “Climate Change
Update” at 7pm in Empire Electric’s Calvin Denton Room.
Again on Thursday,
October 23, Dr. Averyt will speak in Durango at Fort Lewis
College at 7 p.m. in 130 Noble Hall. Her talk will be one of the
FLC Life-Long Learning Lecture Series.
This is an
unparalleled opportunity for Four Corners residents to learn
about climate change.
Dr. Averyt is
currently a Research Scientist, Western Water Assessment,
Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
(CIRES), University of Colorado/NOAA. She is currently crunching
climate data to determine the probable impact of climate change
on the state of Colorado. The report is due to Governor
Ritter in early October.
Her immediate past
position was Staff Scientist with Working Group I,
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
The IPCC and former
president Al Gore won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Working Group I
focused on the physical science behind climate change.
visit is co-sponsored by the League of Women Voters Educational
Fund, Oxfam America, The Durango Herald and Cortez Journal.
Her visit has also been facilitated by the League of Women Voters
of both LaPlata and Montezuma Counties as well as Montezuma
Climate Action Network and San Juan Citizens Alliance.
Our Mancos Days and Farmers Market Booths
Our Mancos Days booth was a success
and a number of you participated by taking a several hour shift
during the long weekend. Combined with our booth at the Mancos
Farmers Market, we added substantially to our membership list and
we hope those of you who signed up will enjoy our newsletter and
Four Corners Recycling Initiative - Grant Update
The following was contributed by Ashton
Hargrave of the FCRI. M-CAN collaborates with FCRI to
publicize their recycling accomplishments. Look below for their
sign including restrictions.
Membership. We received our order of 30-yard roll-off
containers at the Montezuma County Landfill in mid-August and
have placed some of them in their final locations.
Progress on the grant project is moving along on schedule and on
drop-off locations for corrugated cardboard, mixed papers, and
mixed metals are located at the Dolores Public Lands Office,
Mancos School Complex, and the Montezuma County Landfill.
the last newletter, Stephanie Ogburn,
the FCRI Education and Outreach Coordinator, has been
very busy. She created our logo and designed signs and
stickers. She has amassed a large collection of educational
materials, organized all of our media advertising, and been
the public relations contact during the roll-out phase of our
Recycling Initiative project. She appreciates any feedback on
advertising you hear, or suggestions on additional education
materials for schools.
Now the ramp up phase begins.
In the coming weeks Stephanie will be in the public
schools talking to the students. She is also
working very closely with a handful of teachers on
developing a learning curriculum.
We expect to work out some of the
operational kinks with the first loads. Baker Sanitation, a
grant partner, has been contracted to haul the bins to the
Montezuma County Landfill as they fill.
We would like you all to
participate! The sustainability of our Initiative
depends on our ability to recycle as much material as
possible. Signs on the bins show what you can and cannot
recycle. Please haul out any trash taken to the
bins by accident. In the future we hope to have trash cans
Soon the FCRI steering committee will
meet to discuss our progress. We are a grass-roots
organization and appreciate public feedback. Eric, Stephanie, and
myself can be contacted through the MCAN Green Team. Our
website is up and running with new content and information for
you to stay informed:
Home Energy Makeover Workshop and Expo Report
On Saturday, August 16, LaPlata
Electric Coop and Empire Electric Coop organized a Home Energy
Makeover Workshop at Fort Lewis College. As the name implies, the
focus was on conservation, but renewable energy was also on the
agenda. Co-sponsors included Tri-State Generation and
Transmission, Colorado Rural Electric Association and Colorado
Association of Municipal Utilities.
In addition to the many sponsor and
vendor display booths there was a full day of
What is Netmetering ("grid tied")
If you want your own generation
equipment (solar, wind, etc), you can either keep your equipment
separate from the power companies' lines (so you flip a
switch manually to select their power or yours) or you can have
it connected (grid tied) so that any excess power you generate is
sold back to the company and if you need more power than you can
generate, they automatically supply it.
A grid tied connectiion to the
companies' lines means you do not need a bank of batteries to
store the electricity you generate but you will need the type of
"inverter" that can automatically disconnect when
there's a power outage on the lines. This automatic
disconnection is for the safety of the linemen working on the
outage. The power company will also install a special meter in
place of your old one that can measure power going either way (to
you or to them).
Grid tied may ultimately be the
simplest arrangement because it operates automatically. However,
in case of an outage on the grid, your equipment will not provide
you power unless you buy the type of grid tied system which can
operate with batteries to provide power during line
outages. The batteries add cost and maintenance to your
If you can't afford enough
generating capacity to provide your power needs under all
circumstances, selecting a grid tied arrangement will keep open
the option of automatically using grid power when you need
At the Home Energy Makeover Expo,
Dan Harms of LPEA described their netmetering program and
the requirements that homeowners must meet to connect their power
generation equipment to LPEA's lines.
If you do it, you will need to get
an application from your coop and submit it as well as having
your installation inspected before actually connecting. We
suggest that you talk to your coop well before buying equipment.
They can't be responsible for your equipment installation,
but will be helpful in understanding the choices you will have to
make and in anticipating and avoiding problems.
Other than paperwork, the primary
requirement for a grid tied system is connection equipment
that is certified safe. The power companies' concern is
primarily the safety of their linemen when working on lines with
residential generation connected. Most residential equipment on
the market is certified safe by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc
(UL). Athough there are other certifying organizations, UL is the
best known. Ask your coop what they will accept before
Empire Electric's Time of Use Rate
Empire has a tri-fold brochure
explaining their time-of-use rate offering. Here is a
Your regular rate is 10.234¢
per KwHr with a $16.50 basic charge. Time-of-use only changes the
rate. Off-Peak is 4.278¢ per KwHr and On-Peak is 17.2¢
per KwHr. The schedule is as follows:
Winter Sept 15 - May 14
is Mon-Sat 6am-11am and 5pm-10pm.
Off-Peak is Mon-Sat (all day Sun) 11am-5pm and 10pm-6am.
Summer May 15 - Sept 14
On-Peak Mon-Fri 10am-10pm
Off-Peak Mon-Fri 10pm-10am & all day Sat and Sun.
For further information or to
sign-up, call Empire Electric at 565-4444.
Off Peak Heating
To take full advantage of the
Time-of-Use Rate you should be sure you can shift your primary
electricity usage (heating for example) to the off peak hours.
Without some assurance that your electricity use will primarily
be during off-peak hours, you could spend more money for
electricity than if you remained on the standard rate
Among the Expo vendors showing
there wares was Steffes Corporation (www.steffes.com),
manufacturers of electric heaters desgned to store heat during
off peak hours for use in your home during peak rate hours.
The Steffes heaters contain massive
stacks of ceramic heat storage bricks. These are not normal
bricks (though they look similar) but are special bricks of
proprietary material which are designed to absorb and keep large
amounts of heat. They are capable of reaching very high
temperatures which allows them to store a great deal of
More about the Expo
The expo was coordinated with a
Utility Efficiency Exchange for utility and government
organizations held Friday, August 15. Only the Saturday event was
open to the public.
Many of the presentations are on the websites;
www.homeenergymakeover.org/durango and www.cuexchange.org/durango.
Green Team News
Carbon Footprint Reduction Team
Start your own club !
Would you like to start your own Low Carbon Club or become a club
member? Our Green Team has been working hard to complete the
final details for the clubs you've been hearing about for the
past several months, and we're now ready to explain the
program to you. Join us at M-CAN's annual event on October
4th for club details.
contacts: Sue Whitehead, firstname.lastname@example.org
Roger and GLoria Woody email@example.com
Community Food and Farms
Our five point initiative for Montezuma County at this time: 1)
Farm/Ranch to School food program, 2) community gardens,
3)creating awareness of the availability and benefits of locally
produced foods, 4) school programs including gardening and
knowledge of local agriculture and 5) support for local
farmers/ranchers to find markets close-to-home.
Our specific concentration this summer is the
pursuit of grant monies to fund a Community Food and Farms
Project Director position to lead the implementation of the
program outlined above. Community members interested in
furthering local production, processing, storage and consumption
of locally grown foods are welcome to join the CFF Green
Our aim - Relocalize Agriculture!!
Contacts: firstname.lastname@example.org and
The RE Team has been
attending EEA Board Meetings and presenting to EEA Board members
various articles regarding renewable energy, M-CAN,
The RE Team wants to establishes a "Residential Renewable Energy Users
Group" - yet to be named. The group
will hold its first meeting in November - time and place to be
determined at the October 4 M-CAN meeting. If you think you
might be interested in exchanging this kind of information, come
to the party and connect with the rest of us who also are.
The purpose of the user group includes the following:
- Create a resource group of those interested in
- installing solar, wind or other renewable power
- solar hot or geo thermal heating
- renewable power transportation
- Share information on grants and rebates for residential users
- Share technical installation questions, answers, tips
- Share product and supplier information
The RE Team is spreading the
word about Empire Electric's Green Energy Credits program
using a flyer created by the team to explain the program's
workings, cost and how to sign up. Empire is charging 4/10
of a penny per kilowatt hour for renewable power.
Here are a few excerpts from the flyer:
"Beginning January 1, 2008,
Empire's customers can buy a percentage of their power from
renewable resources. The power you decide to upgrade to renewable
with your purchase will be in addition to the renewable power
mandated by the state."
"You decide what percentage of
your average power you want to convert to Green Power and that
amount will add a charge to your regular bill. (You select the %
at signup, not month by month)."
by calling Empire Electric at 565-4444 and help incude our
county's carbon footprint by driving the demand for more
renewable power on the grid.
The fourth Saturdays have been
scheduled at EEA's Calvin Denton Room. Movie Night starts
The Recycling team is working on
We are ALWAYS looking for more volunteers and good ideas!
Recycling Green Team questions or volunteers, contact Susan
- a matrix/directory of recycling location by type of item
- spreading the word about the Four Corners Recycling
Initiative (see their article and sign in this newsletter)
- working with the Cortez WalMart to expand its in-store
plastic recycling program to an outside location convenient to
After issuing the air quality permit
for Desert Rock Energy Project on July 31, under intense public
pressure EPA extended the protest period an additional 30 days to
October 2. San Juan Citizens Alliance joined other groups
opposing the permit in filing suit against the Environmental
Protection Agency, stating that it did not comply with provisions
of the Clean Air Act in evaluating the impacts of the proposed
power plant. Dine Care, a grassroots environmental group
that has been active in leading the campaign against Desert Rock,
is now working to get resolutions supporting renewable energy
development from each of the 110 Navajo Nation chapters. To
date, nine chapters have adopted resolutions advocating clean
energy projects instead of coal-fired power sources like Desert
Tri-State, Welcome to the 21st Century!
This article was written by Susan Thomas and first
published in the September, 2008, Free Press on p28. It is
reproduced here with their kind permission.
Generation & Transmission was the feature film at the
Colorado Public Utilities Commission, and it offered a
fascinating show for those concerned with climate policy and
electric power costs. Although the PUC can not regulate the rates
Tri-State charges its members, every four years the G&T co-op
is required to file a resource plan compliance report with the
Commission detailing demand forecasts, resource assessments and
reserves. This report was the topic of Tri-State’s hearing
before the PUC on August 13. And, as Chairman Ron Binz reminded
the co-op executives present, the PUC must give its approval to
any new power plant that Tri-State wants to build in Colorado.
The second largest electricity provider in the state, serving 14%
of its residents, Tri-State has lagged far behind other providers
in acknowledging that coal no longer is an environmentally
acceptable source for power nor is it a prudent one financially.
Both major presidential candidates say they will regulate carbon
dioxide – probably through some kind of tax – and
coal-fired power plants emit more CO2 than any other single
A recent study by
the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a leader in U.S.
energy research, found that Tri-State has the most
carbon-intensive resource plan of 16 of the West’s leading
utilities by a significant margin. Lawrence Berkeley also found
that Tri-State was one of only four utilities that did not
account for the likely financial risks from carbon-based
regulations, and that its power source portfolios remain heavily
oriented toward coal without carbon capture and storage, while
renewables and energy efficiency amount to a very limited <10%
of new generation. In fact, Tri-State is one of only three
utilities that did not develop its final energy-efficiency
targets through some assessment of cost-effectiveness. The
G&T has not acknowledged the rising cost of coal in its
resource planning, nor has it updated escalating construction
estimates that are now two years old for its proposed power plant
in southwestern Kansas. According to an analysis by Synapse
Energy Economics, the cost of building a power plant has doubled
since 2005, and now is close to $3,500 per kilowatt of capacity.
The administration of Governor Kathleen Sebelius denied the
required air quality permit for the Holcomb plan last year, yet
Tri-State is still fighting in court to overturn the denial as it
continues to plan around coal for its new power sources.
Over the past year
the PUC has made it a mission to coax, push and insist that
Tri-State start planning for the realities of climate change in
our fast-changing world. Still a massive economic and policy
challenge on the federal level, under the leadership of Governor
Bill Ritter Colorado has taken the lead in defining and moving
toward a new energy economy. Unlike Xcel, an investor owned
utility traded (NYSE: XEL), Tri-State is owned and regulated by
its 44 member rural electric cooperatives. With little or no
oversight, individual ratepayers have found it hard to hold their
wholesale power provider accountable for its resource plan
decisions, even though ratepayers will be the ones to inherit the
negative financial consequences in their rising electric power
bills. As PUC Commissioner Matt Baker pointed out at the August
13 public hearing, much of Tri-State’s territory contains
some of the best renewable energy resources in the country and
other power producers are aggressively pursuing them. Saddled
with an old-fashioned reliance on coal and its future regulatory
costs, overlooking new opportunities for clean energy production
and associated rural economic development in the form of wind and
solar facilities, Tri-State may end up delivering ever-higher
costs and lost opportunities to its members along with their
electric power supply. Tri-State needs to step into the
21st century, for the benefit of the
global environment and good of the rate-paying public, and
re-invent itself as the rest of the world is doing these
Change Lesson for Sept-Oct
In the July
newsletter we talked about "Carbon Footprint" and left
hanging what difference it makes that we have lots of CO2 and
other "greenhouse gasses" in today's
Lets review a little
then discuss the greenhouse effect.
The element that's common to all of earth's biology and a
basic component of the most common and therefore most potent
How much greenhouse gas emissions can be attributed to an
individual or to anything else like a country or a factory whose
"carbon footprint" we're calculating. This can be
"primary" (your car burned the gas) or
"secondary" (you bought something and its manufacture
or distribution caused the gas emissions). Tracking secondary
emissions will keep the carbon accountants busy.
- The sun's energy reaches earth as visible,
infra-red (IR) and ultra-violate (UV) light and the light heats
whatever it hits (duh).
Now comes the less well known part.
- Hot things cool off by radiating infra-red (IR)
light. This takes a bunch of the "heat" back into outer
space (somewhat like a reflection whose color has
That's not the only way things cool off, but its an important
Here's the "greenhouse" trick part.
- CO2, methane, etc, can pass visible and UV
incoming light but absorb and are heated by IR light going both
ways. The amount of these gasses in the atmosphere determines the
amount of the IR that gets out vs the amount trapped as
This means the earth
and its atmosphere trap some of the sun's energy but lose
some back into space.
The amount of energy (heat) trapped has kept the planet comfy or
cold (ice age) due in large part to the rising or falling
greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere.
But now the excess greenhouse gasses we're creating are
building to levels that haven't existed on earth since back
near the dinosaur's reign and beyond when the planet reached
much higher temperatures (as much as 12C or 21F higher on
Heating something as large as our planet takes a while, and in
spite of the tremendous amounts of extra energy being trapped,
the temperature hasn't moved much yet (not quite 2F). Picture
heating a cast iron frying pan to cooking temperature with a heat
How Long Do We
The main scientific discussion now is how long before we lose the
ability to affect whether the temperature rises to a level that
makes life as we know it difficult or impossible.
Once in the
atmosphere, CO2 lasts a long time. Additionally, the rising
temperatures will eventually release huge stores of methane which
is now trapped in the frozen arctic tundra and under the ocean
floors as frozen methane hydrate. Methane is about 23 times as
effective at trapping heat from IR light as CO2 is. Once this
self-sustaining methane release feed-back loop gets rolling, we
will have little if any ability to affect the outcome.
There are strong global hints in the expansion of deserts,
melting glaciers, rising oceans, increasing scarcity of fresh
water, reduced productivity of oceans and soils, movement of
habitation zones toward the poles, etc, that we have a very short
time to act... maybe as little as 10 years.
Join us for
- 8:30 PM
- Local Foods PotLuck (Bring your favorite local foods
dish along with the recipe and we’ll create a recipe
- Live Music
- Attire: “Green” Costumes if you like.These
can be: the color green, made from recycled materials, or have a
- Kermit recognition for community members exemplifying
green living at home or in their workplace (See guidelines in
- Green Team Reports featuring the latest in local
recycling and the introduction of Low Carbon Clubs
Come schmooze with your friends
and meet new M-CAN supporters. Share green stories and carbon
reduction tips. But most of all – let’s have fun and
celebrate our accomplishments!!!
CFLs and Mercury
How much mercury in a CFL?
CFLs (and any fluorescent) have a small amount of mercury inside. Mercury is a
well known neurotoxin. According to the EPA;
"CFLs contain a very small amount of mercury
sealed within the glass tubing – an average of 4 milligrams
– about the amount that would cover the tip of a ballpoint
pen. By comparison, older thermometers contain about 500
milligrams of mercury – an amount equal to the mercury in
"No mercury is released when the bulbs are
intact (not broken) or in
Recently manufacturers have been
reducing CFL mercury content to as little as 2mg.
CFL context, Our Mercury
to the EPA;
"...the U.S. is responsible for the release of
104 metric tons of mercury emissions each year. Most of these
emissions come from coal-fired electrical power. Mercury released
into the air is the main way that mercury gets into water and
bio-accumulates in fish. (Eating fish contaminated with mercury
is the main way for humans to be exposed.)
Most mercury vapor inside fluorescent light bulbs becomes
bound to the inside of the light bulb as it is used. EPA
estimates that the rest of the mercury within a CFL – about
11 percent – is released into air or water when it
sent to a landfill, assuming the light bulb is broken. Therefore,
if all 290 million CFLs sold in 2007 were sent to a
landfill (versus recycled, as a worst case) – they would
add 0.13 metric tons, or 0.1 percent, to U.S. mercury
emissions caused by humans."
According to Mary Uhl of the New
Mexico Environment Department Air Quality Bureau,
"In 1999, coal fired
generators emitted 48 tons of mercury (approximately 37% of
CFL vs Incandescent re.
the EPA, the mercury emitted at a power station to light a 60watt
incandescent 24 hours a day for most of a year (8000 hours) is
5.8mg (using national average emission figures) while that for a
CFL of the same light output (including the mercury inside the
bulb assuming it ends up broken in a landfill) is
There are a
number of places to recycle unbroken but non-functional CFLs in
Montezuma County. Empire Electric and the county are
cooperating with the following locations to collect CFLs for
by Veolia, a leader in recycling
- Bright Ideas
- Choice Building Supply
- City of Cortez
- City of Montecello
- Dolores Food Market
- Dolores General Store
- Empire Electric
- Montezuma County
- Monticello Mercantile
- Town of Mancos
- Town of Dove Creek
- Town of Dolores
- Ute Mtn. Ute Tribe
What to do with a broken
What Never to Do
The info below
is from the EPA website;
If you break a
CFL, be careful how you go about cleaning it up and disposing of
it. For instance, you should immediately open windows to get good
Air Out the Room
- Never use a vacuum cleaner to clean up mercury. The
vacuum will put mercury into the air and increase exposure.
- Never use a broom to clean up mercury. It will
break the mercury into smaller droplets and spread them.
- Never pour mercury down a drain.
- Never wash clothing
or other items that have come in direct contact with mercury in a
washing machine, because mercury may contaminate the machine
and/or pollute sewage. Clothing that has come into direct contact
with mercury should be discarded. By "direct contact,"
we mean that mercury was (or has been) spilled directly on the
- Have people and pets
leave the room, and don't let anyone walk through the
breakage area on their way out.
- Open a window and leave the room for 15 minutes or more.
- Shut off the central
forced-air heating/air conditioning system
Clean-Up Steps for Hard Surfaces
scoop up glass pieces and powder using stiff paper or cardboard
and place them in a glass jar with metal lid (such as a canning
jar) or in a sealed plastic bag.
- Use sticky tape, such
as duct tape, to pick up any remaining small glass fragments and
- Wipe the area clean
with damp paper towels or disposable wet wipes. Place towels in
the glass jar or plastic bag.
- Do not use a vacuum
or broom to clean up the broken bulb on hard surfaces.
Clean-up Steps for Carpeting or Rug
pick up glass fragments and place them in a glass jar with metal
lid (such as a canning jar) or in a sealed plastic bag.
- Use sticky tape,
such as duct tape, to pick up any remaining small glass fragments
- If vacuuming is
needed after all visible materials are removed, vacuum the area
where the bulb was broken.
- Remove the vacuum
bag (or empty and wipe the canister), and put the bag or vacuum
debris in a sealed plastic bag.
Clean-up Steps for Clothing, Bedding and Other Soft
- If clothing or
bedding materials come in direct contact with broken glass or
mercury-containing powder from inside the bulb that may stick to
the fabric, the clothing or bedding should be thrown away. Do not
wash such clothing or bedding because mercury fragments in the
clothing may contaminate the machine and/or pollute sewage.
- You can, however,
wash clothing or other materials that have been exposed to the
mercury vapor from a broken CFL, such as the clothing you are
wearing when you cleaned up the broken CFL, as long as that
clothing has not come into direct contact with the materials from
the broken bulb.
- If shoes come into
direct contact with broken glass or mercury-containing powder
from the bulb, wipe them off with damp paper towels or disposable
wet wipes. Place the towels or wipes in a glass jar or plastic
bag for disposal.
For more details, see
Located on 491 just south of the airport turnoff (road G), Belt
Salvage will take almost anything metal, and sometimes pay you
for it. One outstanding exception is fluorescent ballast. Also,
propane bottles must be kept separate from your other metals.
Otherwise, they take anything metal from steel soup cans and
aluminum drink cans to automobiles and appliances. When you take
your household cans to them, you don't have to separate them
into steel and aluminum, but will be paid more if you do. They
can be crushed or not.
Refrigerators should first have their refrigerant removed for
recycling by an appliance repair business or at the county
landfill. The refrigerant is a greenhouse gas and should not be
released into the atmosphere.
They are open 8-5 Monday thru Friday and 8-12 Saturday. They may
be closed on some holidays.
There are bins for
household batteries as well as for CFLs at locations listed under
the CFL article in this newsletter.
"Today I challenge our nation to commit to producing
100 percent of our electricity from renewable energy and truly
clean carbon-free sources within 10 years."
"This goal is achievable, affordable and
transformative. It represents a challenge to all Americans - in
every walk of life: to our political leaders, entrepreneurs,
innovators, engineers, and to every citizen."
Earlier in his
speech, Al Gore said that the "three seemingly
intractable challenges" of our economic problems, our
"energy tsunami" and the national
security threat of the climate crisis have a common thread "deeply ironic in its simplicity: our dangerous
over-reliance on carbon-based fuels is at the core of all three
of these challenges"
"We're borrowing money from China to buy oil from
the Persian Gulf to burn it in ways that destroy the
"Scientists have confirmed that
enough solar energy falls on the surface of the earth every 40
minutes to meet 100 percent of the entire world's energy
needs for a full year. Tapping just a small portion of this solar
energy could provide all of the electricity America
"And enough wind power blows through the
Midwest corridor every day to also meet 100 percent of US
electricity demand. Geothermal energy, similarly, is capable of
providing enormous supplies of electricity for
|Take your own shopping bags
everywhere (keep some in the car)
|Buy natural fiber
|Reuse your packing
|Recycle your packing materials
by donating them to your
local shipping store.
|Use refillable water bottles.
Install a water
filter at home if necessary and avoid commercial bottled
|Buy LCD TVs instead of plasma
- they use less
low VOC paints and
other less hazardous products
|Avoid printing something you can
read on screen